Since the proclamation of the Republic in 1923, Turkey experienced a long sequence of modernist-elitist authoritarianism with some periods of progress towards democracy, quickly interrupted by violence (massacres, pogroms, coups, massive repressions). After a Whatsapp Mobile Number List final stage of democratic normalization that lasted a few years during the 2000s, Turkey is experiencing a new sequence of authoritarianism that manifests itself in the form of Islamo-nationalist populism. This draws its energy from a thirst for revenge against the historical promoters of the Westernization project and from a resentment towards the West that slammed the door in his face after opening it slightly.
The superimposition of these two sentiments, a Whatsapp Mobile Number List prioriantinomic, feeds aggressiveness within society, which is reinforced by the exacerbation, by power, of the cultural war and the repressive practices of the security state. In Whatsapp Mobile Number List Kurdish conflict that has lasted for four decades and the will to eradicate the members and alleged sympathizers of the Güllen brotherhood since 2016 serve to justify, under the pretext of the "fight against terrorism", the criminalization policy of opponents or any public defiance expressed against the elected autocrat.
Erdoğan's Turkey today gives the sensation of sailing without a compass, at the mercy of power relations, without a real port of call on the horizon. With weakened crony capitalism, an arrogance with neo-imperial features, a very turbulent relationship Whatsapp Mobile Number List with its Western allies, fragile relations of allies-rivals with Russia, militarization of the security state, and even the recessive effects of the pandemic, as well as a brutal degradation of most economic indicators, Erdoganism fears the future more and more and hardens.